Navy Cross

The Navy Cross is awarded to officers and enlisted personnel of the US Navy and Marine Corps who distinguish themselves by extraordinary heroism not justifying the award of the Medal of Honor in military operations against an armed enemy. Originally awarded for combat heroism and other distinguished service, it was the Navy's third highest award. An act of Congress in August 1942 gave the NAvy Cross precedence over the Distinguished Service medal, making it a combat decoration only, awarded only for extraordinary heroism in the presence of great danger and personal risk. It is now the second highest decoration for US Naval personnel.

This award was authorized in February 1919.