The Air Force Combat Action medal is awarded to airmen
if their primary role includes performing duties in a combat zone,
either on the ground or from the air, by entering into an unsecured
area away from an established installation and come under fire or fire
upon an enemy. Aircrew members must be flying in direct support of a
combat zone and in combat. They also must be performing official duties
and not manifested as a passenger. While performing close air support,
taking fire from an enemy is not a prerequisite as long as the Airman
is at great risk.
This decoration was authorized in April 2007 and retroactive to
September 11th, 2001.